The Future Of Food Systems And Food Security

The Future Of Food Systems And Food Security

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World faces worst food crisis for at least 50 years, UN warns

U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called for immediate action Tuesday to avoid a “global food emergency,” saying more than 820 million people are hungry, some 144 million children under 5-years-old are stunted, and the COVID-19 pandemic is making things worse. He said there is more than enough food to feed the world’s 7.8 billion people but “our food systems are failing.”

The U.N. chief launched a policy briefing on the Impact of COVID-19 on Food Security and Nutrition Tuesday which said before the pandemic more than 820 million people were “chronically food insecure,” with 135 million at crisis levels or worse. “That number could nearly double before the end of the year due to the impacts of COVID-19,” the briefing said. And Guterres said some 49 million extra people may fall into extreme poverty due to the pandemic and its impact.

Noting forecasts of a global economic downturn this year, he warned that every percentage point drop in global GDP means an additional 700,000 stunted children.

According to the briefing, measures to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic are affecting global food supply chains.

“Border restrictions and lock-downs are, for example, slowing harvests in some parts of the world, leaving millions of seasonal workers without livelihoods, while also constraining transport of food to markets,” the U.N. briefing said.

It pointed to the forced closure of meat processing plants and food markets in many locations because of serious COVID-19 outbreaks.

Agnes Kalibata, the U.N. special envoy to a Food Systems Summit scheduled in 2021, said “from the U.S. to India, produce is rotting in the fields as lock-downs keep people from harvesting and planting crops.”

“That means less income for desperately hungry people to buy food and less food available, at higher prices,” she said in a statement. “And this is happening across the world.”

Kalibata also said millions of liters of milk are being dumped in the United Kingdom for lack of buyers “while in Colombia families hang red flags outside their windows to indicate they are hungry.”

The briefing said high levels of unemployment, loss of income, and rising food costs are also making access to food difficult.

To address food security during the pandemic, Guterres said food and nutrition services must be designated as essential, and food workers must be protected.
He said countries must ensure access for the most vulnerable “to safe, nutritious foods, particularly for young children, pregnant and breastfeeding women, older people and other at-risk groups.”

And he urged investment in food systems that better address the needs of food producers and workers and provide “more inclusive access to healthy and nutritious food so we can eradicate hunger.”

Guterres also called for re-balancing the relationship between food systems and the environment.

“We cannot forget that food systems contribute up to 29 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions, including 44 per cent of methane, and are having a negative impact on biodiversity,” he said.

Kalibata, the U.N. envoy, said “countries face an agonizing trade-off between saving lives or livelihoods or, in a worst-case scenario, saving people from COVID-19 to have them die from hunger.”

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